As a guardian of fair and equal treatment of all people in our societies, justice has a crucial role in regard to a country’s sustainable development and the viability of rules. The protection of human rights and the rule of law, allowing people at all levels, and all times access to justice and social services, is a main pillar of peace, security, and development.
Looking at the United Nation’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the call for peace and the development of strong institutions is emphasized with the SDG 16 “Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions,” addressing the main objectives in the field of justice. Combating corruption and human rights violations, as well as ensuring accountability and inclusion can only be realized through functioning justice systems.
In our data-driven world, technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) can play a vital role in pursing this goal, empowering both the victims of war and crime, and the judiciary with an intelligent use of data.
Democracies and institutions have already started to embrace AI’s potential to promote human rights and law enforcement
States around the world, among others Germany and Estonia, and institutions, including Interpol and the Council of Europe, increasingly convey great interest in AI for crime prevention and law enforcement, as recently seen in national AI strategies and initiatives. While Germany considers AI-based analysis methods for law enforcement in its AI strategy, Estonia plans to use AI as decision-making helper in small-claims cases. The UNICRI-INTERPOL report on AI in Law Enforcement promotes principles and addresses requirements for a responsible use of AI. Also, the recently published progress report and a feasibility study by the Council of Europe’s Ad hoc Committee on AI (CAHAI), tackling a legal framework for the development, design, and application of AI, sets out a clear roadmap based on human rights, the rule of law and democracy.
Along the four PublicGoesAI spheres Capgemini envisions, AI can prove to have a significant impact for citizens, courts, police and ministries by developing and deploying applications in the following fields:
- Intelligent automation of juridical processes, eg. automated decision making and cognitive document processing
- Interaction with citizens, eg. virtual assistance with chatbots for citizens
- Detection of anomalies, eg. in crime detection
- Data-supported help for judges in decision-making processes, eg. intelligent deployment of resources and prosecution analytics.
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