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Report: Automation in Retail Stores

09 Jan 2020

Consumers respond to the convenience, efficiency, and sustainability improvements automation creates, but retailers must prioritize experience and build trust to bring customers and sales back in store

Paris, January 09, 2020 – As automation technology continues to mature, it is becoming increasingly a point of competitive advantage, with consumers responding positively to the improved convenience that it can deliver. However, in order to capitalize on this trend, retailers will need to prioritize automation that creates positive consumer experiences rather than as a cost saving exercise, according to new research from the Capgemini Research Institute.

The report, “Smart Stores – Rebooting the retail store through in-store automation,” which surveyed over 5,000 consumers and 500 retail executives[1] across North America, Europe and Asia, found that a majority (59%) of consumers who have previously visited stores with automation said they would be willing to shift their in-store purchases from a retailer without automation technologies, to one that offers them, rising to 67% for 22-36 year-olds. Most consumers believe automation can help to solve pain points they experience in-store including long checkout queues (66%), difficulty in locating products (60%), and products being out of stock (56%).

Key findings of the report include:

Maturing automation provides competitive advantage

Automation has an important role to play in bringing customers previously reliant on e-commerce back into stores as well. 46% of customers who had a positive experience with in-store automation said they would be willing to shift some of their online purchases from digitally focused retailers (retailers that mostly operate through websites/apps and with minimal stores) to stores that offer automation technology. That number rises to 55% for urban consumers, 58% for millennials[2], and sharply increases for shoppers in India (79%) and China (85%). On average, customers considering moving from online to in-store purchases would shift 20-25% of their purchases as a result of the improvements that automation could bring.

Automation could also boost overall sales numbers for retailers. 60% percent of consumers overall are willing to purchase more online from retailers who accept returns of online orders in-store using automation technologies, and consumers expect they would purchase 22% more if this were the case. Retailers also reported an 11% increase in sales in stores with automation compared to stores with no/low automation.

“Automation is an important part of how we respond to changing customer needs,” said Kristian Bjørseth, Head of Payments and IDs at Coop Norway. “Previously, our stores closed at 11pm and couldn’t serve people returning home late at night, often looking for something quick to eat. So, we introduced Coop Key, an app that allows consumers to enter an unstaffed store after hours, and self-serve entirely. We’re now seeing substantial revenues between 11pm and midnight, and improved numbers for high-margin products such as frozen pizzas. Security and age-verification are ensured by biometrics in the app that identify every individual customer.”

Customers want retailers to link automation to sustainability

Retailers and their customers alike see the need to link automation to the sustainability agenda. Three quarters (75%) of retailers think automation can help them offer more sustainable and environmentally friendly solutions. This reflects a growing consumer desire to shop with retailers that can demonstrate green credentials. Consumers surveyed said they would prefer to shop with retailers who use automation to reduce food waste (69%), reduce consumables such as printed receipts (63%), improve energy efficiency (58%), and provide sustainability information regarding products (52%).

Retailers must understand local trends

As retailers scale up their use of automation (nearly 21% of stores are currently automated across areas such as in-store navigation and order fulfilment, but this is expected to increase to 36% by 2022), the report highlights that they need to be rigorous about understanding customer needs and concerns locally.

While most consumers think automation has the potential to address their pain points in-store, there are both positive and negative nuances at a country level which the sector needs to accommodate in order to succeed. For example, 43% of consumers said they feel like an “unpaid sales assistant” when using a self-checkout, this number rose to 61% for respondents in India.

The research also found that retailers underestimate customer concerns and are often misaligned with their priorities. While overall 59% of customers said they would avoid a store if it was using facial recognition to identify them (specifically 53% in the UK, 60% in the US and the Netherlands, 66% in Germany and 67% India) just 23% of retailers thought this would be the case. These contrasts were most significant in France, where just 4% of retailers believed customers would avoid a store using facial recognition yet 62% of consumers said they would avoid these stores.

There are also differences in the importance that retailers’ regard automation by retail subsector. For example nearly half of grocery and apparel retailers (47% and 45%, respectively) said their leadership considers automation a strategic imperative, compared to just 21% of electronics retailers, and to an overall average of 40%.

Tim Bridges, Global Head of Consumer Goods and Retail at Capgemini notes, “Automation provides a huge opportunity for retailers to gain back some of the ground they’ve lost to digital-native competitors and protect the market share they currently have through better efficiency, more convenience, and better sustainability. Making the right investment choice and acknowledging the need for a range of deployments across different functions could unlock significant potential across both operational and customer-facing department. Even in our technology-centric world it’s rare to find one investment opportunity with such wide-reaching potential.”

Report methodology

Capgemini surveyed 5,110 consumers across North America, Europe, and Asia, along with 500 senior executives at the director level and above, spread across the world. Retail sub-sectors included in the survey were: electronics, grocery, home improvement, fashion/apparel, and quick service restaurants. Ninety-three percent of organizations had reported revenue of more than $1 billion in FY 2018. The global survey took place from October to November 2019.

To access the full findings and report, click here.

About Capgemini

A global leader in consulting, technology services and digital transformation, Capgemini is at the forefront of innovation to address the entire breadth of clients’ opportunities in the evolving world of cloud, digital and platforms. Building on its strong 50-year heritage and deep industry-specific expertise, Capgemini enables organizations to realize their business ambitions through an array of services from strategy to operations. Capgemini is driven by the conviction that the business value of technology comes from and through people. It is a multicultural company of over 200,000 team members in more than 40 countries. The Group reported 2018 global revenues of EUR 13.2 billion.

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About the Capgemini Research Institute

The Capgemini Research Institute is Capgemini’s in-house think-tank on all things digital. The Institute publishes research on the impact of digital technologies on large traditional businesses. The team draws on the worldwide network of Capgemini experts and works closely with academic and technology partners. The Institute has dedicated research centers in India, the United Kingdom and the United States. It was recently ranked #1 in the world for the quality of its research by independent analysts.

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[1] Capgemini surveyed 500 senior executives at the director level and above, spread across the world. Retail sub-sectors included in the survey were: electronics, grocery, home improvement, fashion/apparel, and quick service restaurants.

[2] Millennials are a demographic cohort aged between 22 to 36 years.