The Cloud migration: in-house management versus outsourcing

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How business is moving to the cloud?

Artur Kmiecik
Head of Cloud & Data Services at Capgemini Poland

How do business migrates to the cloud: in-house or with the support of an external provider?

The IT organisations are different and so are the Cloud migration scenarios. Support from external providers shortens the migration time and allows using their experience, which is the result of specialisation in these processes and the result of cooperation with other entities.

Global partners such as Capgemini have not only Cloud specialists, but also project managers, analysts, architects, and operators – comprehensive teams that have extensive experience, and are supported by proven migration scenarios and documented architecture for such solutions.

On our own, we can achieve financial benefits and use and build competencies that are required after Cloud implementation. We have to remember that migration is the first step, migrated products, similarly to classic infrastructure, must be maintained and, which is very important in modern solutions, continuously developed. Every entrepreneur should verify its IT strategy and priorities concerning migration to the Cloud, and then choose the right approach.

What are we moving to the cloud, that is, what possibilities do we have and what do we use?

We can migrate everything to the Cloud. However, there are systems requiring significant business processes transformation in order to move to Cloud. In such a case, before migration, an analysis should be conducted, which will allow to correctly estimate the scope and impact of the planned transformation of the organisation. The pace and scope of migration to the Cloud should be incorporated into the company’s IT strategy and consistently implemented, with continuous analysis of the progress and its impact on the organisation.

I observe a strong trend in the market regarding building new solutions (applications) based on Cloud – more and more new platforms and applications, regardless of their purpose, are created in the Cloud. Elements used in such implementations do not focus only on using the computing power and data of the Cloud, but rather on using the huge potential of the tools that we get in the Cloud.

The benefits of migrating to the Cloud

The benefits of migration to the Cloud can be considered in the short and long term. The short term is flexibility and access to a large Cloud ecosystem, which allows us to significantly increase our capabilities without incurring large investment costs. In the long term, the benefits include aspects of security, standards, and access to innovative solutions such as Artificial Intelligence, the Internet of Things, Big Data or Augmented Reality. In the long term, the change in an organisation’s culture resulting from access to the ecosystem and the potential of the cloud is also important.

The cost of implementing cloud solutions and outlays on day-to-day processes

It is assumed that we can keep the costs of the Cloud at a similar level as the costs of classic infrastructure. However, the way of financing and the possibilities offered by Cloud solutions speak for including them in the organisation’s strategy. Especially because the development of solutions for classical infrastructure has been slowing down for several years, and global IT leaders are transferring resources dedicated to the development of classical solutions to support the development of Cloud-based products.

The approach to Cloud support is also changing dramatically – IT departments are transitioning to Agile Models of project delivery, and day-to-day support is taking a strong turn towards modern operational models to support change – such as DevOps and SRE. Cloud transformation plans should include the introduction of models that streamline the maintenance of day-to-day Cloud environments.

Data security in the cloud, or how to control something you cannot see?

Security must be considered in two aspects – protection and exposure of our data. The first aspect is addressed by Cloud solutions at a level not available to our domestic entities. Namely, they offer location and tools allowing us to secure our data not only against hardware failures but also against catastrophes or failures at the country or even continental level. These solutions are unattainable for many enterprises operating accordingly to classic solutions. The selection of these mechanisms is under the full control of the Cloud user.

The aspect of data exposure has been analysed by Cloud providers for several years. The solutions offered today allow for data control through appropriate provisions in the contract, as well as based on hybrid solutions that allow for keeping sensitive data in locally controlled data centers. I also observe significant progress of organisations in data classification and, in particular, identification of sensitive data, here the solutions offered in cloud environments already allow for control and optimisation of access to data, as well as conscious control over its flow.

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