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Unlocking the hydrogen age

Engineering challenges in the hydrogen value chain

Green or low-carbon hydrogen is starting to receive attention from a wide range of businesses as a potential new energy source.

Rapid changes in the global economic climate, fueled by pressures like decarbonization, decentralization, and digitalization, have spurred innovation within the energy sector and amongst heavy energy users, especially transport and industry. Organizations worldwide are implementing new energy models, based around electrification, alternative energy sources such as green hydrogen and biofuels, hydrogen for thermal engines, renewable energies for electrolysis, other technologies than electrolysis such as biomass thermolysis, and transportation of hydrogen via pipelines, trailers, decentralized energy, and platforms that enable peer-to-peer energy sharing.

Hydrogen will play an essential role in all these changes. It is an energy-dense fuel that could replace oil and gas as an energy source, especially in hard-to-electrify transport and industrial processes. But obstacles must be surmounted to reach these ambitious goals and reap their benefits. Much of the supply chain is still being developed since green hydrogen is still very much in its infancy. Efficiency, deterioration, durability, resilience, density, and electrical power capacity are all issues that need to be addressed for the industry to be successful.

To assess, maintain, and maximize efficiency, green hydrogen will need significant infrastructure investment, including Intelligent Industry-friendly digital infrastructure and advanced digital engineering. Technology players will be strategically important to optimizing the low carbon/green hydrogen supply chain and preparing for a safe and secure environment. Innovative ideas and best practices discovered by others must be comprehensively applied to strengthen the resilience and dependability of the hydrogen value chain.

This whitepaper explores critical engineering challenges vital to creating a low carbon hydrogen value chain and explores innovative concepts to surmount them.