Skip to Content

Seven predictions for BPO in 2019


In recent years, the fad of predictions has swamped social media, video channels, news portals, and analyst/advisor websites. Although these predictions can sometimes be over-exaggerated, inexorable trends towards the constant and extreme speed of change have become much stronger.

To understand what 2019 is set to bring, let me first reflect on 2018.

2018 in a nutshell

The year 2018 has been one of those rollercoaster years for the BPO and ITO industries. The increasing threat of global political instability and the return of protectionist sentiment in western economies, combined with the accelerated pace of technological innovation, continue to disrupt the industry.

While navigating through this volatile marketplace, business services companies recognize that digital transformation, intelligent automation, innovation, and customer centricity are fundamentally altering the nature of the industry:

  • The rapidly changing nature of competition – global, multi-service (IT and business services) companies have had to compete with more competition from boutique digital transformation and consulting companies, the Big 4 advisory firms, and in-house shared services and IT organizations.
  • Disruption in the global delivery network – the tried and trusted global delivery model has come under severe strain as clients demand more from digital and labor arbitrage propositions. Services companies face a difficult choice between cannibalizing revenue and retaining engagements vs. losing the engagement to in-house competition.
  • Business services and digital are merging – pure-play BPO firms raced to acquire more digital and automation capabilities, while multi-service companies have reorganized themselves to invest more in higher value digital capabilities.

Trends and predictions for 2019

In 2019, I expect these trends to become more pronounced, while we will also see other trends emerge. That said, here are my top seven predictions for BPO in 2019:

  • Legacy labor-centric BPO delivery models will come under huge threat from robotic automation and AI – with digital driving new opportunities for both small and larger firms, the traditional global delivery-based cost arbitrage model will come under huge pressure. This will manifest itself in increasing demand for more for less from existing customers. Most large organizations with mature shared services or 2nd or 3rd-generation BPO relationships are now looking beyond cost arbitrage for the next “silver bullet” to drive value impact from their operations. Agile firms with a better grasp of “as-a service” models and better integration between process and digital capabilities will be better placed to capitalize on these new opportunities.
  • Annuity-driven certainty will continue to be replaced by project-driven contracts – there will be a slowdown in demand for traditional annuity-driven long-tenured BPO contracts as large organizations look at doing more digital transformation and process automation projects in house or with IT partners. Contract renegotiations will be brutal with customers expecting disruptive cost savings and value through more project-driven work.
  • Focus on real business solutions rather than people elimination – as customers demand more for less, service providers will be under more pressure to reduce existing engagement teams through implementing digital transformation projects. Smart providers will start reorienting their workforce towards helping clients find more value, with increased opportunities for applying the human workforce to more complex and judgment-based tasks.
  • Smaller deal sizes and shorter contract tenures – in an environment of rapid technological change, both customers and first-generation outsourcers won’t be prepared to lock themselves into long-tenure contracts. This will result in more 2–4 year contracts, as opposed 5–7 year contracts seen in the past.
  • Increased importance of the consulting/advisory front end – as service providers continue to transform their labor-centric business models into digital and automation-based ones, the success of this digital business will be driven by the front end. We will see increased investment into the front end, with service providers working with clients to redesign business models around the new opportunities that digital is creating and enabling. This will either be driven by organic growth or enabled by acquisitions, with service providers acquiring and investing in firms that bridge the design, tech, business, and reimagination gap.
  • A multi-tower, multi-disciplinary approach will win – the portfolio view of the whole solution across business, IT services, and consulting, etc., will be essential in the new world. Service providers will need to leverage their entire breadth and depth of digital, process, and operations capabilities. Multi-disciplinary teams around process expertise, industry knowledge, data science, consulting, and technology will need to come together to articulate customer and industry-specific insights. We will see more service provider organizations aggregating and integrating these capabilities to create new solutions for clients.
  • No space to breathe – we are entering a period of relentless change and innovation. Continuous and relentless change is the new normal. There is no space to breathe. We have a whole new wave of disruptive technologies – such as blockchain, additive manufacturing, and artificial intelligence (AI) – that are fundamentally disruptive and continue to accelerate the pace of change.

People are the true capital

As the industry goes through its biggest shakeup in decades, there will be both opportunities and threats. Service providers that focus on soft people skills and human capabilities to redefine and create value for their clients will succeed in the long run. They will be able to trump the shakeup by being quicker to adapt to changes in delivery models, sales approach, and workforce re-orientation, and generate more value for their clients and shareholders.

Customers need new and enhanced digital experiences. However, service providers won’t be able to deliver to leverage new technologies and new ways of working to deliver these experiences until the artificial walls inside organizations are pulled down and mindsets change.

Despite all the hype around robotics, AI, and blockchain, the true capital and competitive advantage for service providers remains its people. Organizations that truly understand this and make the right investments in their people will be the ones to succeed in 2019 and long into the future.

To learn more about how Capgemini can transform your organization, contact:

Learn more about how Capgemini’s Finance Powered by Intelligent Automation offering helps you navigate the myriad of products, tools and services, enabling your business to benefit from an intelligent solution that combines automation, digital platforms, know-how and insight.

Koushik Chatterjee is responsible for developing long-term relationships with key strategic clients. As a passionate advocate for “going digital” and leveraging technology in business services strategies, Koushik has helped multiple clients in their journey to global managed services.