- Revenues of €13,197 million
- FY revenue growth of 8.1% at constant exchange rates and 7.8% in Q4
- Operating margin rate* of 12.1%, up 20 basis points
- Net profit Group share of €730 million
- Organic free cash flow* of €1,160 million
- Proposed dividend of €1.70 per share
Paris, February 14, 2019 – The Board of Directors of Capgemini SE, chaired by Paul Hermelin, convened in Paris on February 13, 2019 to review and authorise the issue of the accounts of Capgemini Group for the year ended December 31, 2018.
Paul Hermelin, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Capgemini Group, states: “In 2018, we demonstrated once again our capacity to improve our profitability while delivering sustained growth. All regions contributed to our solid top-line momentum, which we maintained in the fourth quarter on top of a particularly demanding comparison basis last year. We reached all the targets we had set for ourselves, including the sales outlook which was raised during the year.
Today, the Group is well positioned to continue outperforming the market, in pursuit of our two strategic priorities.
First, a more dynamic management of our portfolio of services, which enabled Capgemini to be recognised as a world leader in digital and cloud. These high-growth areas will soon account for half of our revenues.
And second, aligning our whole organisation around the client, providing each of them with the full spectrum of the Group’s services and working hand in hand to develop and implement their business and technology agendas.
We are confident that our key strengths and solid financial performances will support our success in 2019.”
2018 Key Figures
In 2018, Capgemini met or exceeded all financial targets set at the beginning of the year. The Group strengthened its growth profile, while continuing to improve profitability and organic free cash flow* generation.
In 2018, the Group generated revenues of €13,197 million, up 5.4% compared with 2017. Growth is 8.1% at constant exchange rates*, significantly above the 6% to 7% target communicated at the beginning of the year. Organic growth* (i.e. excluding the impact of currency fluctuations and changes in Group scope) was 6.2%. Q4 growth is 7.8% at constant exchange rates and 5.7% organic.
This momentum continues to be supported by Digital & Cloud activities, which grew over 20% at constant exchange rates and now account for around 45% of the Group.
Bookings totaled €13,393 million in 2018, a 9% increase at constant exchange rates year-on-year.
For 2018, operating margin* was €1,597 million, or 12.1% of revenues, an increase of 7% or 20 basis points year-on-year, in line with annual objectives. This further improvement in margin illustrates the Group’s ability to combine investments in its talent and its portfolio of sector offerings with profitable growth. It also reflects a stronger gross margin, particularly in the second-half of the year. Geographically, continental Europe and the Asia-Pacific and Latin America region are the main contributors to this performance.
Other operating income and expenses rose as expected, to represent a net expense of €346 million compared with €310 million in 2017. This comes notably from higher intangible asset amortisation charges and the mechanical increase in the share grant expense linked to Capgemini share price evolution over the past few years. In contrast, restructuring costs are down in 2018 (from €131 million in 2017 to €122 million) and this should continue in 2019, settling at around €80 million.
Operating profit totaled €1,251 million, or 9.5% of revenues, compared with €1,183 million, or 9.4% of revenues, in 2017.
The net financial expense is €80 million, slightly up on €72 million last year. The income tax expense is up from €303 million in 2017 to €447 million this year. The effective tax rate (ETR) increased primarily because, as anticipated, since 2018 the Group does not recognise any new deferred tax assets in the U.S.. In addition, the Group recorded a €53 million expense related to the transitional impact of the U.S. tax reform. Adjusted for this expense, the ETR increased from 27.3% in 2017 to 33.7%.
Net profit (Group share) amounted to €730 million for 2018, down on €820 million for 2017, due to the higher tax expense. Basic EPS (earnings per share) is €4.37. Normalised EPS* is €5.74, or €6.06 adjusted for the transitional tax expense, a level close to that reported in 2017 (-3%).
Organic free cash flow* reached €1,160 million, exceeding the €1,000 million objective set at the beginning of the year. In 2018, the Group benefited from a €65 million improvement in its working capital requirement thanks to a 2-day decrease in DSO (Days Sales Outstanding).
In 2018, Capgemini spent a net amount of €461 million on acquisitions and paid €284 million in dividends. Finally, the Group allocated €464 million to share buybacks, under the multi-year program and to neutralise the dilution resulting from the 5th employee share ownership plan (which led to a net capital increase of €230 million).
The Board of Directors has decided to recommend at the next Shareholders’ Meeting on May 23, 2019, the payment of a dividend of €1.70 per share, the same amount as the previous year. The corresponding payout ratio is 36% of net profit2 (Group share), in line with the Group’s distribution policy.
The following outlook takes into account the impact of the application of IFRS 16 from January 1, 2019 on the operating margin (around +5 basis points) and on the organic free cash flow definition (around -€50 million), as detailed in the appendix to this press release.
For 2019, the Group targets revenue growth at constant exchange rates of 5.5% to 8.0%, improved profitability with an operating margin of 12.3% to 12.6% and stronger organic free cash flow – on a comparable basis – of over €1.1 billion.
Operations by major region
North America (32% of Group revenues) was the most dynamic region of the Group in 2018 with a 14.4% increase in revenue at constant exchange rates. This growth was spurred by investments and acquisitions in Digital. It was mainly driven by the Consumer Goods & Retail, Financial Services and Manufacturing sectors while only the Energy & Utilities sector remained lackluster. The operating margin is largely stable year-on-year (-0.05 point), at 13.6%.
Revenues were stable in the United Kingdom and Ireland (12% of Group revenues), increasing +0.1% at constant exchange rates. The Group nonetheless enjoyed a return to growth in the second-half, in line with the plan set at the beginning of the year. Fueled by demand in the Financial Services and Energy & Utilities sectors, the private sector reported positive growth while the public sector declined, despite a clear rebound at the end of the year. As expected with the change in business mix and the impact from currencies, the operating margin contracted, from 16.1% a year earlier to 12.6%.
France (22% of Group revenues) grew 6.4%, with Digital and Cloud driving strong momentum in Application Services. All major sectors contributed to this growth, which even reached double-digits in the Consumer Goods & Retail and Energy & Utilities sectors. The operating margin improved 110 basis points year-on-year to 11.1% of revenues.
The Rest of Europe region (27% of Group revenues) reported revenue growth across all major countries, increasing 6.9% overall at constant exchange rates. Germany and Scandinavia were the main drivers, with growth rates nearing double-digits. Momentum was strong in all sectors – except Telecoms, which declined across Europe – growing between 5% and 10%. Operating margin rose 80 basis points to 13.0% for the year.
The Asia-Pacific and Latin American region (7% of Group revenues) reported growth of 6.0% at constant exchange rates. Asia-Pacific benefited this year from an acceleration in the Manufacturing sector, while Latin America delivered both a return to growth and profitability in 2018. Overall, the region’s operating margin therefore improved significantly, from 10.1% in 2017 to 12.8% this year.
Operation by business
Consulting Services (6% of Group revenues) reported growth of 37.4% at constant exchange rates. This reflects not only the key contribution of acquisitions in the reference period, but also strong activity in the main regions. Digital transformation demand was particularly buoyant in the Financial Services, Manufacturing and Retail sectors. The Group now benefits from the launch of “Capgemini Invent”, which combines its recognised expertise in the fields of strategy, technology, data science and creative design to support decision-makers in their transformation and digital innovation projects. The operating margin stands at 12.9% of revenues, up 160 basis points year-on-year.
Technology & Engineering Services (15% of Group revenues) grew 5.0% at constant exchange rates. Momentum was strong across all Group regions and particularly North America and the United Kingdom. The operating margin is 13.2%, slightly down from 13.8% in 2017.
Application Services (64% of Group revenues) posted revenue growth of 10.1% at constant exchange rates, fueled by customer demand for Digital and Cloud. This reflects the strong alignment between the Group’s offerings and the new needs of clients. France, North America and the Rest of Europe reported the strongest momentum in 2018. The operating margin rate is 13.6%, up 50 basis points.
Other Managed Services (15% of Group revenues) declined 4.2% at constant exchange rates, mainly impacted by a slowdown in Business Process Outsourcing. In Infrastructure Services, the first-half of the year was marked by a contraction in the UK public sector. In the second half of the year, strong growth in cloud integration and orchestration services contained to a large extent the decline in Infrastructure services. Operating margin for Other Managed Services is 8.7% compared with 9.7% in 2017.
Group momentum remained strong in Q4. Revenues grew 7.8% year-on-year at constant exchanges rates and 5.7% at constant scope and exchange rates, to €3,502 million for the period.
All Group regions contributed to this growth, which neared or exceeded 10% in North America (+11.2% at constant exchange rates), Asia-Pacific and Latin America (+9.6%) and the United Kingdom & Ireland (+9.0%). The Rest of Europe region slowed slightly (+4.2%) due to a more demanding comparison basis, while France maintained a steady pace, reporting revenue growth of 6.5%.
The businesses’ Q3 momentum generally continued in the final quarter, with Application Services growing 9.3% at constant exchange rates and Consulting Services growing 35.2%. Finally, Other Managed Services continued to contract (-2.1%), while Technology & Engineering Services were up 3.8%.
Q4 bookings totaled €3,929 million, bringing the book-to-bill ratio to 112% for the quarter.
At December 31, 2018, the Group’s total headcount stood at 211,300, up 5.8% year-on-year, with 122,000 employees in offshore centres (58% of the total headcount). Attrition was up to 22% in 2018.
Overall, the balance sheet structure remained broadly unchanged in 2018. At December 31, 2018, the Group had €2,004 million in cash and cash equivalents, compared with €1,988 million a year earlier. After accounting for borrowings of €3,357 million, cash management assets and derivative instruments, Group net debt* is €1,184 million at the end of 2018, comparable to the previous year end (€1,209 million).
Moreover, in April 2018, the Group performed a partial repurchase of the bond issue maturing in 2020 and issued new bonds maturing in 2024 and 2028, extending the average maturity of its bond debt with no significant impact on its future cash coupon. In July, the Group also repaid at maturity a €500 million bond issued in 2015.
Paul Hermelin, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, and Thierry Delaporte and Aiman Ezzat, Chief Operating Officers, Carole Ferrand, Chief Financial Officer, and Rosemary Stark, Chief Sales Officer, will present this press release during a conference call in English to be held today at 8.00 a.m. Paris time (CET). You can follow this conference call live via webcast at the following link. A replay will also be available for a period of one year.
All documents relating to this publication will be placed online on the Capgemini investor website at https://investors.capgemini.com/results.
April 25, 2019 Publication of Q1 2019 revenues
May 23, 2019 Shareholders’ Meeting
July 30, 2019 Publication of H1 2019 results
The following dividend payment schedule will be presented to the Shareholders’ Meeting for approval:
June 5, 2019 Ex-dividend date on Euronext Paris
June 7, 2019 Payment of the dividend
This press release may contain forward-looking statements. Such statements may include projections, estimates, assumptions, statements regarding plans, objectives, intentions and/or expectations with respect to future financial results, events, operations and services and product development, as well as statements, regarding future performance or events. Forward-looking statements are generally identified by the words “expects”, “anticipates”, “believes”, “intends”, “estimates”, “plans”, “projects”, “may”, “would” “should” or the negatives of these terms and similar expressions. Although Capgemini’s management currently believes that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, investors are cautioned that forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties (including, without limitation, risks identified in Capgemini’s Registration Document available on Capgemini’s website), because they relate to future events and depend on future circumstances that may or may not occur and may be different from those anticipated, many of which are difficult to predict and generally beyond the control of Capgemini. Actual results and developments may differ materially from those expressed in, implied by or projected by forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are not intended to and do not give any assurances or comfort as to future events or results. Other than as required by applicable law, Capgemini does not undertake any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement.
This press release does not contain or constitute an offer of securities for sale or an invitation or inducement to invest in securities in France, the United States or any other jurisdiction.
A global leader in consulting, technology services and digital transformation, Capgemini is at the forefront of innovation to address the entire breadth of clients’ opportunities in the evolving world of cloud, digital and platforms. Building on its strong 50-year heritage and deep industry-specific expertise, Capgemini enables organisations to realise their business ambitions through an array of services from strategy to operations. Capgemini is driven by the conviction that the business value of technology comes from and through people. It is a multicultural company of over 200,000 team members in more than 40 countries. The Group reported 2018 global revenues of EUR 13.2 billion.
Visit us at www.capgemini.com. People matter, results count.
Organic growth, or like-for-like growth, in revenues is the growth rate calculated at constant Group scope and exchange rates. The Group scope and exchange rates used are those for the reported period. Exchange rates for the reported period are also used to calculate growth at constant exchange rates.
Currency impacts on FY revenue are linked to the appreciation of the euro against most other Group invoicing currencies and primarily the U.S. dollar. This impact is nonetheless negligible at the year end, due to the reversal of U.S. dollar trends in Q4 (5% appreciation against the euro).
Operating margin is one of the Group’s key performance measures. It is defined as the difference between revenues and operating costs. It is calculated before “Other operating income and expenses” which include amortisation of intangible assets recognised in business combinations, the charge resulting from the deferred recognition of the fair value of shares granted to employees (including social security contributions and employer contributions), and non-recurring revenues and expenses, notably impairment of goodwill, negative goodwill, capital gains or losses on disposals of consolidated companies or businesses, restructuring costs incurred under a detailed formal plan approved by the Group’s management, the cost of acquiring and integrating companies acquired by the Group, including earn-outs comprising conditions of presence, and the effects of curtailments, settlements and transfers of defined benefit pension plans.
Normalised net profit is equal to profit for the year (Group share) adjusted for the impact of items recognised in “Other operating income and expense”, net of tax calculated using the effective tax rate. Normalised earnings per share is computed like basic earnings per share, i.e. excluding dilution.
Organic free cash flow is equal to cash flow from operations less acquisitions of property, plant, equipment and intangible assets (net of disposals) and adjusted for cash out relating to the net interest cost.
Application of IFRS 16 and adaptation of performance measures
With the entry into effect of the new lease standard, IFRS 16, on January 1, 2019, the Group must apply a new accounting treatment to all its leases (primarily real estate leases), similar in substance to that currently applied to finance leases. Essentially, the Group will have to:
- in its balance sheet: recognise, at January 1, 2019, all lease obligations as a debt in liabilities and the corresponding right-of-use in assets. This will represent between €750 and €850 million (including the €80 million already recognised in respect of finance leases);
- in its income statement: recognise, instead of a lease expense, the depreciation of the right-of-use asset over the lease term in operating expenses and the corresponding interest in finance costs;
- in cash flows: recognise the cash outflows as repayments of the lease debt rather than a rental payment.
The Group does not believe this new accounting treatment modifies the operating nature of the majority of its leases. Accordingly, to ensure the Group’s performance measures continue to best reflect its operating performance, as the distinction between different lease types disappears with the introduction of IFRS 16, the Group will consider all repayments of lease debt as operating items going forward. Accordingly:
- organic free cash flow will include repayments of the lease debt (including for finance leases, previously excluded as recognised in repayments of borrowings, of approximately €50 million in 2018);
- Group net debt will exclude all lease debt (including that relating to finance leases of approximately €80 million at the end of 2018).
Elsewhere, the impact of application of IFRS 16 on the 2019 income statement should be generally neutral for the main performance measures, whose definitions remain unchanged (estimates based on the 2018 accounts):
- operating margin: slightly positive impact, in the range of 5 basis points;
- net profit (Group share): slightly negative impact, in the range of €5 million; and
- normalised earnings per share: slightly negative impact, in the range of €03 per share.
Aapplication of IFRS 15
In this press release, the 2017 accounts have been restated for the impact of IFRS 15, applicable from January 1, 2018, to ensure comparability.
The retrospective application of IFRS 15 in 2017 results in a decrease in revenues recognised of €267 million (2.1% of revenues), with no change in euros to the operating margin, net profit, earnings per share or organic free cash flow.
As announced on the publication of the 2017 annual accounts (on February 15, 2018), the Group expected a substantial increase in its effective tax rate from 2018, with no significant cash impact. Until the end of 2017, the Group was led to recognise non-cash tax income corresponding to the recognition of deferred tax assets in the United States. Tax loss carry-forwards in the United States were, however, fully recognised in the Group consolidated financial statements at December 31, 2017. As a result, the Group now no longer recognises such tax income as a deduction from its income tax expenses, generating an increase in the Group’s reported effective tax rate.
Results by Region
Results by business
Summary income statement and operating margin
Normalised and diluted earnings per share
The Group recognised an income tax expense of €53 million in 2018 in respect of the transitional impact of the tax reform in the U.S. This reduced basic EPS and normalised EPS by €0.32 and diluted EPS by €0.31.
Adjusted for this tax expense, normalised EPS for 2018 is €6.06:
Change in cash and cash equivalents and organic free cashflow
* The terms and Alternative Performance Measures marked with an (*) are defined and/or reconciled in the appendix to this press release.
 Audit procedures on the consolidated financial statements have been completed. The auditors are in the process of issuing their report.
 Excluding a €53 million expense recognised in 2018 due to the transitional impact of the tax reform in the U.S.
 See details in appendix.
 Note that in the appendix, certain totals may not equal the sum of amounts due to rounding adjustments.